WW II series

links:

sample flight envelope data used

[fighter speed charts]

pre -1939

Spain 1937 bf109b pre-production

spitfire mk 1

BM5 Kate,
Carrier based Torpedo bomber - JAPAN
uses Mk91A IJN

1940

31 January 1940 yak -1 1st flight

Jan - Germany attacks london

May 26 - The evacuation of Dunkirk starts. Spitfires as well as Hurricanes are used to cover the operation. 2739 sorties are flown, 106 fighters are lost.

Bf-109E4 1940-

pro:

  • great stall handling
  • good med altitude
  • loads of ammo, good guns
  • low drag

cons:

  • dangerous to dive

testing session vs a6m2 [testing hud] stall imminent - final shots, but that's ok in a BF109

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Spitfire Mk2B 1940-

pro:

  • good agile G range
  • good in dives
  • 20mm cannon

cons:

  • dangerous to land and take off
  • no a2g

Yak-1 1940

pros:

  • agile
  • fast down low

cons:

  • limited med-high alt performance
  • fragile

mission: gbf109e.M

fly bf109e to a forward russian air base, get the IL-2s and Yak1s before they get you [watch out for flak]

BUT don't strafe so close to your targets = collision imminent

not good

Yak-1, Yakovlev The Yak-1 was the first of a line of small, nimble fighters, relatively primitive in many respects, but easy to build and maintain, and with fine performance and handling at low altitude. They were lightly armed and had low performance at higher altitude. The Yak-series was the most important Soviet fighter of WWII. 8721 built. Type: Yak-1 Function: fighter Year: 1940 Crew: 1 Engines: 1 * 1100hp Klimov M-105PA Wing Span: 10.00m Length: 8.47m Height: 1.70m Wing Area: 17.15m2 Empty Weight: 2410kg Max.Weight: 2895kg Speed: 580km/h Ceiling: 10000m Range: 850km Armament: 1*g20mm 2*mg7.62mm b200kg Yak-2, Yakovlev Precursor of the Yak-4 light bomber, 1940.

A6M2 Zero Mk21 1940-

Reisen

One Nakajima NK1C Sakae 12 fourteen cylinder air-cooled radial, rated at 940 hp for takeoff, 950 hp at 13,780 feet.

Performance: Maximum speed 331 mph at 14,930 feet. Cruising speed 207 mph. Initial climb rate 4517 feet per minute. Climb to 19,685 feet in 7 minutes 27 seconds. Service ceiling 32,810 feet. Normal range 1160 miles. Maximum range 1930 miles. Radius of turn with entry speed of 230 mph was 1118 feet. Entering a 180 degree steep turn with an entry speed of 230 mph, the fighter could complete the turn in 5.62 seconds, with an exit speed from the turn of 189 mph. At slower speeds, the turning radius was 612 feet. Normal positive g-load factor was 7g, with a safety factor of an additional 1.8g. Normal negative g-load factor was 3.5g, with a safety factor of an extra 1.8g.

Dimensions: Wingspan 39 feet 4 7/16 inches, length 29 feet 8 11/16 inches, height 10 feet 0 1/16 inches, wing area 241.5 square feet.

Weights: 3704 pounds empty, 5313 pounds loaded, 6164 pounds maximum. Fuel capacity: Internal fuel capacity was 114 Imp gall. One 72.6 Imp. gall drop tank could be carried underneath the fuselage. Armament: Two 7.7-mm Type 97 machine guns in the fuselage decking and two 20-mm Type 99 cannon in the wings. Two 132-pound bombs could be carried on underwing racks.

loaded drag = 136

aoa= 25

G drag= 124

FAB062 132lbs

Two 7.7mm Type 97 machineguns in the front fuselage, with 500 rounds per gun. Two 20mm Type 99 model 1 cannon in the wing, with 60 rounds per gun. The cannon had ammunition for 7 seconds, the machineguns for 30 seconds.

pros:

  • agile
  • good med-alt perfomance
  • range

cons:

  • dive limitations
  • fragile
  • small high G range

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D3A Aichi Val

as of 1940 fighter bomber

Vne 242mph

Mtow 9088

2 x 7mm

2 x 400lbs [mk82]

pros:

  • good payload
  • G +6 good dogfighter
  • good ceiling [can stay up with zeros]

cons:

  • fixed gear drag
  • slow
  • low climb

created 99/11/29

IL-2

pros:

  • armoured, tough
  • mean tail gunner
  • heavy payload

cons:

  • low alt only

Il-2, Ilyushin 'Bark' A heavily armoured ground-attack monoplane, the backbone of the Soviet ground-attack units in WWII. Probably the military aircraft with the largest production ever: 36163. The second crewman with the gun for rear protection was introduced in 1942, in the Il-2m version. Type: Il-2m3 Function: attack Year: 1942 Crew: 2 Engines: 1 * 1720hp Mikulin AM-38F Wing Span: 14.60m Length: 11.65m Height: 4.17m Wing Area: 38.50m2 Empty Weight: 4525kg Max.Weight: 6360kg Speed: 410km/h Ceiling: 6360m Range: 765km Armament: 2*g23mm 2*mg7.62mm 1*mg12.7mm b1000kg 8*r82mm

1941

Feb - IL-2 full production

Feb - Spitfire Mk Vc full production

MiG-1 enters service

May 27th - The Bismarck is sunk. The battleship was caught by the Home Fleet after it was seriously damaged by Swordfish torpedo bombers.

May - P-47 Flies

July - US leads embargos on Japan -Japan forced to war.

Aug 7 - A few Soviet bombers attack Berlin.

Sep - FW190 flies

Dec 7th - Japan attacks Pearl Harbor from 230m north (but left oil storage) 6 of 8 US battleships sunk, 3 Carriers survived, 90 ships, 200 planes, hours later Japan attacks Guam, Wake Islands

Dec 14 - The German army is defeated in front of Moscow.

poland?

china - P-40s P-39s?

1942

Feb - Japan attacks Darwin on 15th , 12 ships lost

April - B-25Bs attack Tokyo on the 18th

May 6 - Coral Sea - Lexi sunk

June 4th - Midway (1136miles west Hawaii) - yorktown lost, all IJN carriers are lost

June - Corsair -1 arrives but not allowed on carriers yet

July - Hellcat, ME-262 flies

B-25B 1942

see missions for Doolittle's Tokyo raid April 18/1942, 16 planes from USS Hornet escorted by Enterprise 825 miles west of Japan

loadout: 3x 500 lbrs, 1 inceinday cluster
mtow 36047 19975

payload 3200
1x75mm nose 8 x.50 nose [G version] 2 3x0.50 turrets

Vmax 442k c =23800 2x 1700hp
range= 2700m

pros:

  • gunners
  • quite fast

cons:

note: lib29 has a newer shape Atlantic

B-25 and an unlucky zero soon to be in tailgunner's sights

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Me-262A1b interceptor added to GT R45 Jan 2001

Midway -June 4th, 1942

Legend

  • CU Aircraft carrier
  • BB Ironclad
  • CA Heavy cruiser
  • CL Light cruiser
  • DD Destroyer

JAPANESE FORCES

FIRST FLEET:

  • BB Yamamoto
  • CL Sewdai
  • BB Nagato
  • 8 DD
  • BB Mutsu

FIRST AIRCRAFT CARRIERS ASAULT FLEET

  • CU Akagi
  • BB Haruwa
  • CL Wagara
  • CU Kaga
  • BB Kirishima
  • 12 DD
  • CU Hiryu
  • CA Towe
  • CU Soryu
  • CA Chicuma

SECOND FLEET

  • CA Atago
  • BB Cowgo
  • CA Chocai
  • BB Hiei
  • CA Nyoko
  • CL Yura
  • CA Haguro
  • 7 DD

MIDWAY OCUPATION FORCES

  • 12 Transports
  • 10 DD

MIDWAY SUPPORT FORCES

  • CA Kumawo
  • 2 DD
  • CA Suzuya
  • 4 Minesweepers
  • CA Mogami
  • 10 submarine
  • CA Mikuma

AMERICAN FORCES

EXPEDICIONARY FORCE 17

  • CU Yorktown
  • CA Portland
  • CA Astoria
  • 6 DD

EXPEDICIONARY FORCE 16

  • CU Enterprise
  • CA New Orleans
  • 11 DD
  • CU Hornet
  • CA Minneapolis
  • 19 submarines
References:
objects added to GT R46:
  • Dauntless-3 [dive bomber USA]
  • Avenger TBF3 [torpedo bomber USA]
artistic licence was used in placing the fleets much closer together rather than spending time searching. Trivia - the Avenger was named after the Midway Battle



GT mission pack - zones ready and performing well:
  • Midway base AAA and Flak
  • TF16
  • TF17

Items not reacting well
  • wildcats [no to a2a, asm very good]
  • avengers [no firing torps, will go high.. dumb ai bomber]
  • kates [guns on ships ok but require steady attacks commands, no torp firing]
  • vals [to asm, reluctent to bomb
  • zeros [to a2a, asm, a2g good]


IJN Kates attack USS Hornet TF16 with guns during testing of GT R46
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older missions

testing screen shots Dec 2- 1999

catalina during early testing torp mk51 [usa] out of midway it was used for rescue recon only

Wildcats on the USS Hornet

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Zeros bombing a battleship - during testing - actual Flak MG fire would have killed them

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zeros around Akagi

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wildcats over midway june 1942 during testing building phases

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0600

The strike force, closed on Midway, and appeared shortly before 0600 on the radar at t Midway. Midway's base commander launched all available planes, including the twenty-seven fighters led by Marine Major Floyd B. "Red" Parks, which would jump the enemy bombers on their run in. Six Avenger torpedo-bombers, four Army Marauder medium bombers, eleven Marine Vindicator dive-bombers and sixteen Douglas Dauntlesses, and a total of nineteen B-17 bombers, augmented the rest of the 32 total Catalina’s.
0630, Aichi D3A ("Val") carrier bombers and Nakajima B5N ("Kate") torpedo planes, supported by numerous fighters ("Zekes"), bombed Midway Island installations. Although defending U.S. Marine Corps Brewster F2A ("Buffalo") and Grumman F4F ("Wildcat") fighters suffered disastrous losses, losing 17 of 26 aloft, the Japanese only inflicted slight damage to the facilities on Midway. Motor Torpedo Boat PT-25 was also damaged by strafing in Midway lagoon.
0700
Fieberling's planes attacked first at 0700, but there was no way around the Zero fighters, much less away through them. Four Avengers fell even before they were able to release their torpedoes. The other planes continued, but three more fell to AA, and the rest, an Avenger and two Marauders, scoring no hits, retired damaged to Midway.
morning

W. G. Chochalousek, led the morning strike from Enterprise, comprised of 10 F4F-4s from Fighting Six, 17 SBD-3s from Scouting Six, 15 SBD-2, -3s from Bombing Six and 14 TBD-1s from Torpedo Six, on the Kido Butai.
1000
McCluskey divided his force into the two forces, ordering Lt. Richard Best of VB-6 to strike the starboard carrier, Akagi, while he himself led Lt. Earl Gallaher's VS-6 down on Kaga.
1030
LCDR Murata Shigeharu, commanding officer of Akagi Kanjo Kogekikitai (Akagi Carrier Attack Unit) at Midway. Murata, who led the Japanese torpedo attack at Pearl Harbor, was held in reserve with LCDR Egusa Takashige and LCDR Itaya Shigeru while LT Tomonaga Joichi led the June 4 attack on Midway. As events unfolded, American carriers were spotted after the second wave began rearming for a second attack on Midway. This, plus a delay caused when the first was was recovered and rearmed, meant the planned attack was to be launched at 1030. The first A6M2 was rolling down Akagi's deck when dive bombers from Enterprise hit. Murata and the rest of his strike group was caught on Akagi,
Soryu's was being attacked by Lt.-Cmdr. Maxwell Leslie of Yorktown, head of VB-3, ... Leslie's gunner sighted the Carrier Force at 1005, and Leslie quickly chose a large carrier he identified as Kaga as his unit's target. It was actually the Soryu but a nice prize nevertheless. Leslie dove down on the carrier ahead of his squadron at around 1025, raking the AA emplacements and the flight-deck with his forward-mounted .50 caliber guns - his only means of attack until they jammed. Soryu was struck by three bombs, neatly placed from fore to aft, exploding near all elevators, destroying all planes and ammunition stored on and beside the planes, and was out of the action by 1040, ten minutes after the last Yorktown planes had pulled up. Five minutes later, abandon ship was sounded, and Captain Yanagimoto committed suicide by plunging into the raging fires. Attempts to keep her afloat were made, but shortly after 1920, she finally slid into her watery grave.
1100, the one Japanese carrier that escaped destruction that morning, Hiryu, launched "Val" dive bombers that temporarily disabled Yorktown around noon. Three and a half hours later, Hiryu's "Kate" torpedo planes struck a second blow, forcing Yorktown's abandonment. In return, "Dauntlesses" from Enterprise mortally damaged Hiryu in a strike around 1700 that afternoon. The destruction of the Carrier Strike Force compelled Admiral Yamamoto to abandon his Midway invasion plans, and the Japanese Fleet began to retire westward.
1145 all three squadrons were rendezvoused and the group took the following formation: VT-3 at 1500 feet (just below the cloud base), 2 VF for low coverage at 2500 feet, 4 VF at 5000-6000 feet to protect the VT and low VF, and VB-3 at 16,000 feet. At about 1200, the enemy force was sighted bearing 345°, distance 30-40 miles, headed on an easterly course, speed about 20 knots. It consisted of 3 or 4 carriers, 2 BB's, 4 CA's, 1 or more CL's and many DD. The formation appeared scattered; apparently the CV's had just previously landed their planes on board after their attack on Midway Island. Insofar as could be seen, the enemy CV's appeared undamaged. At about 1220 VB-3 lost contact with the torpedo planes and was unable to communicate with them by radio. At 1225, the order to attack was given by VB-3.
1140 Launch
Lt. Kobayashi Michio took off at the head of eighteen divebombers and six fighters trailing the Yorktown group, and at 1140, Japanese fliers sighted TF17
Yorktown, as the only target for Yamaguchi's bombers, was not spared a second attack. This time it was a flight of ten Kate torpedo planes, which, due to space and time restrictions, had not been able to take part in the first attack.
afternoon

WO Ono Yoshinori, led the first counter attack by Hiryu against Yorktown on the afternoon of June 4. This strike composed of 18 D3A1s, divided into two nine plane Chutai and six A6M2 Zeros.

LCDR John S. "Jimmy" Thach while flying a strike escort mission on June 4, 1942. Thach, flying F-23 (BuNo 5093), along with five other F4F-4s from Fighting Three, was escorting Yorktown's strike against the Kido Butai, consisting of 17 SBD-3s of Bombing Three (led by LCDR Maxwell F. Leslie)
Kaga Kanjo Sentokitai (Kaga Fighter Unit) at Midway. During the various actions with US attackers on June 4, 11 A6M2s from the four Japanese carriers were shot down and three ditched, with the loss of nine pilots. Kaga Kanjo Sentokitai lost more pilots (four) than any other carrier on the morning of June 4. Additionally, two fugitives (PO1c Yamamoto Akira and PO3c Bando Makoto) from the stricken carrier landed on Hiryu and later participated in her second strike against Yorktown, shooting down no planes with Bando's A6M2 seriously damaged.
June 7th - Yorktown sank


Spitfire Mk IX

LF

low alt clipped

HF

high alt

FW109A

1945

Au-1 Corsair [late war] 1945

pros:

  • tough
  • well loaded

cons:

  • loaded drag

Ships

each Pacific US carrier usually escorted by 2 cruisers, 5 destroyers

radar IJN http://www.skypoint.com/members/jbp/radar.htm

[guns simulated by]

IJN

Carriers 18,000-28,000 ton

  • 8"/50 Type I [ks19 limited 20] as AAA
  • 4.7"/45 [ks12 limited to 60 degrees] as AAA
  • 25mm/60 [turret 23mmx1 same firing rate]
  • no radar until ?
  • use ranging radar 10 to limit ks aaa seekers

Battleships 70,000 ton

  • 9 x 18.1"/45 [450mm - t72]
  • 12 (later 6) x 6.1"/60 [ks19 limited]
  • 12 (later 24) x 5"/40 DP [ks12 limited]
  • 150 x 25mm AA [t23]
  • 4 x 13mm AA [t12]
  • no radar until 43
  • use ranging radar 10 to limit ks aaa seekers
  • shaped used Iowa

Cruisers 25,000 ton

  • 6 x 6.1"/60 [ks19 limited]
  • 8 x 3.9"/65 [ks12 limited]
  • 52 x 25mm AA [t23]
  • no radar until 44
  • use ranging radar 10 to limit ks aaa seekers
  • shape used Kirov

Destroyers 3,000 ton [90's frigate]

  • 8 x 3.9"/65 DP, [ks12 limited]
  • up to 51 x 25mm AA, [t23]
  • 4 x 24" TT, 72 DCs [torp 93]
  • no radar until 43
  • use ranging radar 10 to limit ks aaa seekers
  • shape used Knox

USN

Carriers

  • USN
  • USN
  • USN

Destroyers

  • see IJN plus
  • radar 100
  • torp mk51 replaces torp93
  • better damage control

USS Lexington

as of 1940

displacement: 36,000 tonnes

damage control rating = 3/5

speed = 34kts

aircraft = 63

guns = 12 x 75mm

radar 100mile ranging

Coral Sea

Midway

USS Yorkton

as of 1940

displacement: 19,900 tonnes

damage control rating = 4/5

speed = 34kts

aircraft = 100

teak deck

radar 100mile ranging

USS Enterprise

as of 1940

displacement: 19,900 tonnes

damage control rating = 4/5

speed = 34kts

aircraft = 100

teak deck

radar 100mile ranging

Soryu Japan 1935

18,000ton

aircraft = 63

speed = 35kts

damage control = 1/5

  • 12 x 5"/40
  • 28 x 25mm/60

Hiryu Japan 1935

17,000ton

aircraft = 63

speed = 34kts

damage control = 1/5

see Soryu for guns

AKAGI Japan

36,000ton

aircraft = 91

speed = 29kts

damage control = 1/5

port bridge

gunss:

  • 10 (later 8) x 8"/50 Type I
  • 12 x 4.7"/45
  • 28 x 25mm/60 91 aircraft

KAGA Japan 1935

28,000ton

aircraft = 90

speed = 29kts

damage control = 1/5

single deck

  • 10 x 8"/50 Type I
  • 16 x 5"/40
  • 22 x 25mm/60

Naval/Land Bases

Midway - June 4th 1942

task force waypoint "Point Luck" 230m north of midway

Task Force 17 Yorkton

TF16 Enterprise and Hornet

[midway mission testing]

GT R46 adds objects Dauntless, Avenger


Pearl Harbor Dec 7th, 1941

mission ready fly a squadron of Vals to destroy destroyers

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World War II & post -to be added

La-5, Lavochkin After designing the LaGG-1, the three designers split. It soon became obvious that the only cure for the shortcomings of the LaGG-3 was a new, more powerful engine. The best alternative was the M-82 radial. Lavochkin managed to modify the LaGG-3 to accept this engine, despite the lack of official support. The La-5 entered service in 1942. In its developed La-5FN version it was superior to the German fighters at low and medium altitudes. Its disadvantages were primitive equipment, a bounce-inducing undercarriage, and in the early stages very poor production quality. Type: La-5FN Function: fighter Year: 1943 Crew: 1 Engines: 1 * 1850hp Shvetsov ASh-82FN Wing Span: 9.80m Length: 8.60m Height: 2.54m Wing Area: 17.50m2 Empty Weight: 2800kg Max. Weight: 3360kg Speed: 648km/h Ceiling: 9500m Range: 775km Armament: 2*g20mm 2*b100kg

IL-3, Polikarpov See I-1. Il-4, Ilyushin 'Bob' Twin-engined medium bomber, a development of the DB-3, and originally known as the DB-3F. The Il-4 was not an advanced aircraft, but it served as the standard long-range bomber. Some attacks on Berlin were highly publicised. total production of the DB-3/Il-4 was approx 6800. Type: Il-4 Function: bomber Year: 1940 Crew: 3 Engines: 2 * 1100hp M-88B Speed: 429km/h Ceiling: 9700m Range: 3800km Armament: 3*mg7.62mm b2500kg Il-8, Ilyushin Ground attack aircraft. No production. AM-42 engine.

Il-10, Ilyushin 'Beast' Development of the Il-2 used during the final stages of WWII and in Korea. Approx 6960 built. Type: Il-10 Function: attack Year: 1945 Crew: 2 Engines: 1 * 2000hp Mikulin AM-42 Speed: 507km/h Ceiling: 7500m Range: 1000km Armament: 2*g23mm 2*mg7.62mm 1*g20mm b400kg 8*r82mm

MiG-1, Mikoyan-Gurevich The first of a distinguished line; but it was an unauspicious start. The MiG-1 was the smallest fighter that could be built around the AM-35 engine, that was 25% heavier than comparable western engines. Nevertheless it was a good high-altitude interceptor, but its career was cut short because the USSR concentrated on low- and medium altitude fighters, and Mikulin dropped the AM-35 engine to concentrate on the AM-38 for the Il-2. Type: MiG-1 Function: fighter Year: 1940 Crew: 1 Engines: 1 * Mikulin AM-35A Speed: 628km/h Ceiling: 120000m Range: 730km Armament: 3*mg b200kg

Yak-3, Yakovlev See I-30. Yak-3, Yakovlev The Yak-3 was a lightweight interceptor development of the Yak-1. It was one of the lightest and nimblest fighters of WWII, with a max weight of only 2660kg. This resulted in a fighter that had some limitations, but excelled in fighter vs. fighter combat at low altitudes. The M-107 engine originally planned was installed in the Yak-3U, but that was too late for combat in WWII. 4848 built. Type: Yak-3 Function: fighter Year: 1943 Crew: 1 Engines: 1 * 1300hp Klimov VK-105PF-2 Wing Span: 9.20m Length: 8.49m Height: 2.42m Wing Area: 14.83m2 Empty Weight: 2105kg Max.Weight: 2550kg Speed: 655km/h Ceiling: 10800m Range: 900km Armament: 1*g20mm 2*mg12.7mm

Yak-9, Yakovlev The definitive development of the Yak-1 series. The Yak-9 was a devlopment of the Yak-7 with metal wing spars. The Yak-9 was built in long-range fighter, ground attack and trainer versions. The Yak-9T carried a 37mm cannon, and the Yak-9B had an internal bomb bay, despite its small size. From mid-1944 onwards the Yak-9 was the numerically most important Soviet fighter. During WWII 14579 were built; production continued until 1948 and totalled 16769. Type: Yak-9D Function: fighter Year: 1942 Crew: 1 Engines: 1 * 1360hp Klimov VK-105PF-3 Wing Span: 9.74m Length: 8.55m Height: 3.00m Wing Area: 17.15m2 Empty Weight: 2770kg Max.Weight: 3080kg Speed: 602km/h Ceiling: 10600m Range: 1410km Armament: 1*g20mm 1*mg12.7mm